Different Types of Rubber and Rubber Products Sulphur, zinc oxide, TMT, titanium, MBTS, minerals like calcium carbonate and carbon, and processing oils called RPO or rubber processing oils, are the chemicals which are used in the processing of rubber. In processing rubber, all these materials are mixed together using rubber processing machinery which include ban-bury mixture, kneader machine, mixing mills, calendaring machine, extrude machine, hydraulic press, roto-cure, and cooling conditioner. The natural and synthetic rubber are the two types of rubber products. The rubber tree produces natural rubber. The milk type of material leaking from the rubber tree called latex is processed. Synthetic rubber is a petroleum based product. By means of industrial application, synthetic rubber is manufactured using content derived from crude oil and with the addition of certain chemicals. You can find many varieties of synthetic rubber in the market. Chloroprene (or Neoprene), Silicone, EPDM, Fluoro-elastomer, nitrile, hypalon, and butyl are the varieties of synthetic rubber that you can find. These grades differ in their applications and specification.
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Oil, acid, alkali, hydrocarbons, and heat can all be resisted by Neoprene.
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Silicone is highly resistant to temperature. This material can bear up to 250 degrees Celcius. If you want a type of rubber that is resistant to weather, temperature, aging, and radiation, then you should use EPDM. EPDM rubber prevents water or liquid to pass through and this is the reason why it is widely used in waterproof roofing, canal and ponds lining. Nitrile or NBR sheets are permeable to gases and so it is used as gaskets for packing purposes. Fluoro-elastomer or viton is a type of rubber which is resistant to a wide range of oils and solvents. This type of rubber exhibits good abrasion and is tear resistant. They can also bear high temperatures. The demand for rubber has been increasing over the past few years. This increase in demand is due to the revolution in the automobile sector. Every automobile needs tires. Tires are responsible for the increasing prices of natural and synthetic rubber. In the entire rubber production in the world, the tire industry consumer 80 percent of it. There are other major rubber products we can find. Industrial rubber sheets are used in a variety of applications like gaskets, packing, electrical insulation and matting purposes. The blend of natural and synthetic rubber are now used for manufacturing rubber sheets which come in different colors like green, red, blue, and black. However, the black color is preferred for industrial purposes. Depending on the bases of application, there are different raw materials used in rubber sheet manufacturing. for heat resistant purposes, silicone is used, and for acid and heat, they use neoprene, and other materials for other particular applications. Other products aside from industrial rubber sheets includes hoses, mats, tire, condoms, medical equipment, oil seals, gaskets, yoga mats, conveyor belts, footwear, printing rollers, electrical insulation mats, and more.